This is a weblog about genealogy in and about the State of Ohio. It will feature news and views (mostly mine) about developments of interest to genealogists doing research in Ohio, no matter where they reside.--Wally Huskonen

Saturday, July 02, 2005

July in Cleveland's History

The following history notes are provided by the Cleveland Memory
Newsletter of the Cleveland Memory project, sponsored by Cleveland
State University's Special Collections Dept.

July is a ceremonial month for Cleveland, given that both the nation's
birthday and the city's fall in this month. July 4th and July 22nd
figure prominently in the anniversary dates of various structures,
such as the Moses Clevealand Statue, dedicated on the city's birthday
in 1888, and the Soldiers & Sailors Monument, dedicated on the
country's, in 1894, both on Public Square.

1896 - Moses Clevealand
<http://ech.cwru.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=CM10> and his party of
surveyors with the Connecticut Land Company arrive at the mouth of the
Cuyahoga River. This is the traditional birthday date for the city of
Cleveland. (7/22)

1827 - The Ohio & Erie Canal
<http://ech.cwru.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=OAEC> begins operation
between Cleveland and Akron. This is the first canal to link the Great
Lakes to the Ohio-Mississippi river system and is the biggest and most
important construction project in the region's history. (7/31) more...

1884 - The first electric streetcar run in Cleveland, as the East
Cleveland Railway Company operated a car for one mile on Garden Street
(Central Avenue) to Quincy, touting it as "the first electric railroad
for public use in America." (7/26)

1886 - The famous Michelson-Morley Experiments were conducted by
physicists at Case and Western Reserve University. They disproved the
widely-held Theory of the Ether and were fundamentally important to
Einstein's work. (during the month)

1916 - One of a series of tragedies which routinely befell workmen
digging water tunnels under Lake Erie, this Waterworks Tunnel Disaster
<http://ech.cwru.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=WTD> witnessed the heroic
efforts of Garrett Morgan and his brother to rescue the overcome
workers, employing Morgan's newly-invented gas mask. (7/24)

1935 - The first of five Major League Baseball All-Star Games to be
held in Cleveland was also the first sporting event to be held in
Cleveland's new Municipal Stadium. Other years Cleveland has hosted
the game were 1954, 1963, 1981 and 1997. (7/8)

1954 - Marilyn Sheppard found murdered in her bedroom, touching off
the infamous Sam Sheppard Murder Case. (7/4)

1966 - The city is rocked by the Hough Riots. (7/18-24)

1968 - The Glenville Shoot-out continues to point out the city's
racial problems and effectively destroys the promise of the Carl
Stokes mayoral administration. (7/23-28)